Bone Grafting Approaches
The patient’s unique facial structures and the nature of bone loss or deficit will determine the approach to bone grafting, which may be:
- Minor bone grafting — address fairly small bone deficits
- Major bone grafting — address more substantial bone deficits and may be performed in a hospital setting with a subsequent inpatient stay
- Sinus Lift — the sinus membrane is lifted and donor bone material is inserted underneath it to provide more bone for dental implant placement at the rear of the upper jaw
- Ridge Expansion — used in fairly severe cases of bone loss/thinning of the ridge of the jaw that prohibits dental implant placement
Materials Used in Bone Grafting
Recombinant Bone Morphogenic Protein (BMP) is the protein that your own body uses to repair damage to its bone tissue. We are able to use this source as a material for bone grafting in many cases.
BMP comes in powdered form, which is inserted into your jaw. After approximately six months, the desired amount of bone is expected to form. When we use BMP in bone grafting, we can avoid using bone from another location in the patient’s body, which would require a second surgical site.
In some cases, it may be preferable to use autologous bone (from elsewhere in the patient’s body), but when appropriate, BMP can help us avoid subjecting the patient to two different incisions. We will discuss the particular considerations in your case at your consultation.